Orthodontics is an exclusive domain of dentistry that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of misaligned teeth. An orthodontist helps to resolve several malocclusion issues such as crooked teeth, excessive spacing, crowding, overbite, underbite, etc. Some of the commonly used dental appliances to correct malocclusion are dental braces and Invisalign.
Commonly seen malocclusion issues
Crowding: The teeth appear crowded as they overlap each other. This is because the teeth will not have enough space to erupt in their proper positions. They can be corrected using dental braces.
Spacing: When large spaces separate adjacent teeth, the condition is called spacing. The cause of this condition could be a wider dental arch or missing teeth, due to which the remaining teeth could drift from their positions.
Overbite: The teeth of the upper law protrude beyond the teeth of the lower jaw. The lower jaw teeth could dig into the roof of the mouth, causing teeth to wear or injuries to the palate.
Underbite: It is the opposite of overbite; the teeth of the lower jaw protruding beyond the teeth of the upper jaw. It is often caused when the lower jaw outgrows the upper one.
Crossbite: One or more teeth from either the upper jaw or the lower jaw do not align with the rest of the teeth.
Open bite: When the mouth is closed, and the jaws are clenched, the molars from the upper and lower jaws make contact with each other, but the frontal teeth don’t.
How can orthodontics help you?
Correcting misaligned teeth: The primary purpose of seeking orthodontic attention is to align the misaligned teeth properly. It helps the patient in smiling confidently.
Prevention of tooth decay: Teeth that are overlapping over one another are pretty tricky to clean. Hence, they are more prone to cavities. Properly aligning the teeth makes it easier to brush and floss, thereby reducing the risk of cavities.
Reduces the risk of TMJ disorder: The Temporomandibular Joint disorder is a result of excessive or uneven pressure applied to the TMJ. Malocclusion could also be a reason for it. With proper orthodontic care, this risk can be reduced.
Dental braces are the most commonly used orthodontic appliances. They solve almost any type of malocclusion issue, including some of the most complicated ones, such as crossbite, overbite, etc. Braces consist of plastic wires and brackets. Metal or ceramic brackets are fixed to the teeth using dental adhesives. They are connected with the help of plastic wires, which apply pressure on the teeth to move them gradually.
Invisalign, as the name suggests, is an aligner made up of a transparent material, which is virtually invisible. They are difficult to notice and blend in with the dental set up perfectly.
Please schedule an online appointment or call us at (281) 997-8996 to have a consultation with Dr. Bello, and we will be happy to help.