Wisdom teeth are the last set of teeth to emerge and are located at the back of the dental ridges. Sometimes, the wisdom teeth get stuck in between the gums and the jawbone, which can result in quite a painful condition called impacted wisdom tooth. If the tooth if left untreated, it can lead to an infection that could spread to the nearby teeth and gums as well.
Signs and symptoms of an impacted wisdom tooth
- Extreme pain near the tooth, especially when you brush or chew food.
- Release of pus and bleeding near the gum line
- Pain in the jaws and neck
- The infection has a high chance of spreading to the underlying jawbone and is high when left untreated.
- Swelling near the cheeks
Types of impaction
Soft tissue impaction: The tooth could stay entirely under the gums, which is a result of early impaction.
Partial impaction: When the tooth has emerged out of the gums partially but is still stuck in its socket, it is called partial impaction.
Complete impaction: The wisdom tooth would’ve emerged from under the gums almost fully, but due to certain complications, there would be signs of impaction. Failing to get the tooth extracted can lead to a bad infection.
How is the wisdom tooth extracted?
Extracting a wisdom tooth would require oral surgery. You would be administered with local anesthesia to numb the teeth, gums, and jawbone. In case the tooth is completely under the gum tissues, the dentist would make a small slit on the gums to expose the tooth. The tooth will be gripped using forceps and pulled out. Sometimes, the tooth could get so tightly stuck in the socket that it can’t be extracted in one piece. The dentist would dissect the tooth into smaller fragments and remove them one after the other.
Please schedule an online appointment or call us at (281) 997-8996 to have a consultation with Dr. Bello, and we will be happy to help.